California school districts and County Offices of Education—collectively, Local Educational Agencies (“LEAs”)—collect a vast amount of data in providing educational and related services. This data may include pupil records, medical records, financial information, and more. With the advent of individualized learning management systems, LEAs are sharing such data with third-party vendors more than ever before. There has also been a corresponding, and sometimes competing, increase in compliance measures to protect student data. This guide is intended to provide an overview and streamline some of the key laws governing student data privacy.