Privacy and Student Data: An Overview of Federal Laws Impacting Student Information Collected Through Networked Technologies

Organization: Berkman Center for Internet and Society
Author: Dalia Topelson Ritvo
Published: July 1, 2016

The purpose of this document is to provide schools, parents and students alike with an overview of some of the laws that may apply as schools begin to use networked services to help educate students. All of the relevant statutes – and particularly FERPA – are complex and are the subjects of large bodies of caselaw and extensive third-party commentary, research, and scholarship. This document is not intended to provide a comprehensive summary of these statutes, nor privacy law in general, and it is not a substitute for specific legal advice. Rather, this guide highlights key provisions in these statutes and maps the legal and regulatory landscape.